This week we will read a few classic articles about vision, gender and power.
Critics and Art Historians Linda Nochlin, Laura Mulvey and John Berger all made a huge impact with these three pieces in the 1970s:
Linda Nochlin, “Why Have There Been No Great Women Artists (Links to an external site.)?” (originally published in Artnews in 1971)
Laura Mulvey, “Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema” Originally published in 1975 in Screen. This illustrated version from Brian Wallis, ed., Art After Modernism: Rethinking Representation (New York and Boston: New Museum of Contemporary Art, in association with Godine, 1984), pp. 361-373.
Sturken & Cartwright: “Gender and the Gaze” 120-131. (Nochlin, Mulvey and Berger’s essays are also discussed here).
For your journal this week, I want you to read ALL of the above and at least one of the following:
Maura Reilly ”Cindy Sherman’s Untitled Film Stills” (you can also watch this Art21 interview with Cindy Sherman) (Links to an external site.)
Hatt / Klonk chapter on “Feminism” from Art history: A critical introduction to its methods Eds. Michael Hatt, Charlotte Klonk (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2006).
Jack Halberstam “Queer Faces: Photography and Subcultural Lives” from The visual culture reader / edited by Nicholas Mirzoeff. (London ; New York : Routledge, 2013).
In your journal please DISCUSS:
–Nochlin’s thesis: why did women not become “great” artists in the past?
— According to Mulvey, how do classic Hollywood films like those by Alfred Hitchcock (that she mentions) place the movie viewer in a gendered position? How (according to Mulvey) does this relate to “visual pleasure”? Is this still the case in films you are familiar with?
–How has the idea of a white male “gaze” been disrupted in the past few decades? Use examples from the optional readings and/or the Sturken and Cartwright section.